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34) Add a further circle around the outside of each one of the 6 main circles of the cross. Put the point of the compasses at the centre of the Northern most circle of the cross. Open the arms of the compasses so that the lead just touches the side of the bounding rectangle. Draw a circle. 35) Repeat at each of the other circles of the cross.
36) Draw in the lines of the arms of the cross. Place your ruler across the top of the arc of the smallest circles on the central horizon line. Draw a line from the left hand red circle to the edge of the central red circle. Repeat on the right side. Align the ruler with the base of the smallest green circles and repeat. 37) Align the ruler along the top of the 2nd smallest green circles on the central horizon line. Draw a line from the edge of the big, green circle on the left, to the edge of the central big, green circle. Repeat on the right side. 38) Align the ruler across the left sides of the smallest green circles on the central vertical. Draw a line from the edge of one red circle to the next. DO NOT CONTINUE THE LINE ACROSS THE CIRCLES. Repeat on the right side.
39) Align the ruler across the left sides of the 2nd smallest green circles. Draw a line from the edge of one big, green circle to the next. Repeat on the right side. 40) The group of arcs at the top and bottom of the bounding rectangle are optional. The radius is the same as the red circles of the cross. The points for the compass are shown ringed in blue. Find the middle of the space within the arch and draw a small circle so that it touches the arch and the side of the bounding rectangle. 41) To Draw the stepped corners, line the ruler up across the top of the red circles at the four corners of the bounding rectangle. Draw a light line across, from one to the other. Repeat on the other three sides. Align the ruler across the top of the green corner circles and draw a light line from one to the other. Repeat on the other 3 sides. 42) Determine how big these corners are to be. Here, they are lined up with the smallest green circles in the arms of the cross and this measure is then transferred to the other steps with the compasses or a pair of dividers. 43) The arms of the cross can be finished in a variety of ways and a few examples are given here and on the next page. Whatever way you choose, think of the shape of the spaces either side of the arms. The more convoluted the shape, the harder it will be to fill with a pattern. 44) The green grid here shows one way of dividing up the space. The lines of the grid are extensions of the sides of the spade like ends of the arms of the cross. The sub-divisions can be found by measuring or extending lines from the small, green circles. The way that you divide the grid will be largely dictated by what pattern you want to put in the space. 45) Once you have established the layout of the framework, put a piece of tracing paper over it and work out the grid on that. If you make a mistake, or don’t like the result, simply discard the tracing paper and start again. I always end up with layer upon layer of tracing paper. NEXT (framework 5) | Page Layout Geometry Geometry 2 Carpet Pages Framework 2 Framework 3 Framework 4 Framework 5 Colour Pigments Paint Prep Applying Paint Knotwork Knotwork1 Knotwork2 Knotwork3 Knotwork Joins Signs Symbols Birds Birds2 Key Patterns Key Patterns2 Triskeles Triskeles2 Triskeles3 Text Prep Display Caps Decorated Page Elements Historiated |

*diagrams: Diane George*